- Funding challenges imminent – Professionals
- Senate, Reps begin debate on document
The National Assembly on Wednesday commenced the debate on the general principles of the 2019 budget with majority of the lawmakers expressing reservations in the ability of the fiscal document to tackle the nation’s socio-economic problems.
While some senators condemned the borrowing plans of the Federal Government and the huge sums proposed to service the existing foreign loans, some members of the House of Representatives called for job creation, especially through the Social Investment Programme of the Federal Government.
Some finance experts and economic groups such as the Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Professor of Economics at the Olabisi Onabanjo University Ago-Iwoye, Ogun, Sheriffdeen Tella; the Lead Director, Centre for Social Justice, Eze Onyekpere, and the Head of Tax and Regulatory Services at PricewaterhouseCoopers, Taiwo Oyedele, also faulted the revenue framework upon which the 2020 budget was predicated.
President Muhammadu Buhari on Tuesday proposed the highest allocation of N262bn to the Ministry of Works and Housing, just as Power, Transportation and Defence followed with N123bn, N112bn and N100bn, respectively in the 2020 budget estimates presented to the National Assembly.
The analysts who spoke to our correspondents during separate telephone interviews said with the revenue challenges facing the country, it might be difficult to fully implement the budget.
Senate, Reps begin debate on budget
The Senate on Wednesday commenced debate on the 2020 Appropriation Bill with some senators drawing the attention of the executive arm of government to certain areas that needed some tweaking to enhance the economy.
One of such lawmakers, the Senate Leader, Senator Yahaya Abdullahi, bemoaned the amount allocated for the implementation of capital projects.
According to him, the N2.14tn proposed as capital expenditure was insufficient to stimulate the economy along a trajectory that could guarantee growth.
Abdullahi, who kick-started the debate, said a critical analysis of the budget clearly showed that the revenue to Gross Domestic Product was too low and could affect the implementation of the budget if passed as presented.
He said, “The major problem that we have is that the economy is very short of revenue. We have an economy with a GDP of about N140tn out of which we can only get about 10 per cent or less. Now, when you look at the budget and the GDP ratio, it is very low. The total Federal Government revenue is N8.155tn. If you add the deficit, the budget comes to about 10.7tn.”
The Senate Leader, however, noted that the country had done well with inflation by bringing it down from 18.72 per cent to around 11.22 per cent.
Abdullahi said the issue of economic policy should not be left to members of the executive arm of government alone to handle, adding, “We have to think out of the box from this chamber to make the relevant laws in order for this economy to generate revenue.”
The Minority Leader, Senator Enyinnaya Abaribe, quoting the late poet, Williams Shakespeare, described the budget proposal as “a pen full of sound and fury signifying nothing.”
“In every budget speech, what we normally see is that they will give it a name. Last year, it was budget of consolidation. So this year, I was waiting to see what was going to be the nitty-gritty of the budget and I saw that there were many things that were jumbled together.
“They call it a budget of fiscal consolidation, investing in critical infrastructure, incentivising the private sector, enhancing and so forth. In other words, putting everything together like that reminds us of what Shakespeare said, ‘a pen full of sound and fury signifying nothing.’”
“I want to suggest the name to those who wrote this that this is nothing but a budget of taxation. It is based on 7.5 per cent increase on VAT and several other increases,” he added.
The President of the Senate, Ahmad Lawan, however, cautioned his colleagues that the budget was not as bad as being projected.
“That is a brilliant presentation but also laced with so many inaccurate statistical information but again, you are entitled to your opinion,” Lawan told Abaribe.
Other senators, in their various contributions admitted that the nation’s economy was not doing well at the moment and called for legislation to involve them in the management of the economy.
Senator Gabriel Suswan said policies that would further contracted the economy were contained in the budget and condemned the introduction of 2.5 per cent increase in VAT. He said “it would slow down the economy.”
The Chairman of the Appropriation Committee, Jibrin Barau, said the budget proposal was a deliberate plan to move from the non-oil revenue.
Senator Ike Ekweremadu said the President had done his job and that it was left for the lawmakers to adjust the proposal where necessary.
No division in Senate over budget debate – Spokesperson
Meanwhile, the Senate has denied perceived division among senators along party lines during the debate on the 2020 budget.
The Chairman Senate Committee on Media and Publicity, Senator Adedayo Adeyeye, who made the clarification on Wednesday while briefing journalists said every contribution made on the opening day was very reasonable.
He said, “For the Senate to have a meaningful analysis and passage of the budget, there must be cross fertilisation of ideas and robust discussion.”
Gbajabiamila blocks PDP lawmaker from stopping debate on bill
The House of Representatives at the plenary on Wednesday started the second reading of the appropriation bill, while several lawmakers called for job creation, especially through the Social Investment Programme of the Federal Government.
The second reading, however, began on a dramatic note when a member, Mr Kingsley Chinda, who was a factional Minority Leader, raised a point of order to ask the House to postpone consideration of the budget.
However, the Speaker, Femi Gbajabiamila, faulted the lawmaker, stating that the second reading was in order.
“The second reading of the bill, what do we call it? General principles. Do we debate the details? No, we don’t debate the details. You’re ruled out of order,” he said.
During the debate, some lawmakers also raised the issue of low releases, which they said could frustrate proper implementation of annual budgets.
Others called for sincerity in the implementation of the budget, while stating the necessity of a population census to have correct statistics that will allow proper planning and implementation of policies.
The Chief Whip, Mohammed Monguno, noted that Nigeria’s population was fast-growing, urging the Federal Government to diversify the economy, especially the agricultural sector to create employment opportunities.
A member, Bamidele Salam, commended the executive for cooperating with the legislature towards reverting to the January to December budget cycle.
He stated the need to correlate rising economic statistics with improvements in the living standards of the people “to see if, indeed, the rising statistics have impacted the lives of the people positively.”
The lawmaker, while also commending the Federal Government for initiating the Social Investment Programme, decried the drastic reduction in the amount being released out of the huge funds allocated to the programme, despite its importance to the living standard of Nigerians.
He urged the House to consider the possibility of increasing the budgetary allocation for the SIP from N30bn to at least N100bn.
The House Committee on Finance has said it will query revenue generating agencies over power remittances to the Federal Government coffers.
Chairman of the committee, Mr James Faleke, blamed the poor performance of previous budgets on lack of funds.
He said, “Our main job is to help this government to increase revenue. The problem we have is shortfall in revenue and that is why so many of our projects suffer and many of our programmes are not being carried out.”
The House also urged the Federal Government to raise the percentage of allocation to the health sector from five per cent to 15 per cent.
The lower chamber of the National Assembly made the call at the plenary on Wednesday, when the lawmakers unanimously adopted a motion moved by Mr Ntufam Mbora, entitled, ‘Deplorable State of Government Owned Health Care Facilities in Nigeria.’
Also, the Committees on Health Institutions and Health Care Services were mandated to ensure compliance with the resolution.
N305 exchange rate unrealistic – LCCI
The LCCI though commended the return to the January – December cycle for the budgets, saying it would make for easy planning, it described as unrealistic the exchange rate assumption of N305 to the dollar.
The LCCI, which spoke through the Director-General, Muda Yusuf, said it was difficult to justify this assumption, especially when the country’s earnings were declining.
He said, “The key assumptions underpinning the budget are realistic except for the exchange rate assumption of N305 to the dollar. This is one assumption that is difficult to justify, especially at a time when declining revenue has become a major issue both for the government and the citizens.”
The LCCI also noted that from the total budget size of N10.3tn having a recurrent component of N4.88tn and debt service of N2.45tn, there was not much left for infrastructure development.
Yusuf said, “Debt service commitment and recurrent spending are beginning to crowd out capital expenditure. This scenario is not in alignment with the aspiration to build infrastructure and a competitive economy. Debt service of N2.46tn is more than the capital budget of N2.14tn.”
PwC head says projected growth weak
Also, the Head of Tax and Regulatory Services at PricewaterhouseCoopers, Taiwo Oyedele, said the projected growth was weak and that revenue would be a challenge due to the rising debt burden.
He said, “The introduction of a Finance Bill to amend various tax laws is a positive development to make the tax system dynamic and responsive to changes in the economy. The projected growth continues to be fragile while revenue remains a challenge with rising debt although the benchmark crude oil price and production are more realistic than in previous years.”
But a former President, Association of National Accountants of Nigeria, Dr Sam Nzekwe, commended the government for timely presentation of the bill, and the November date by the National Assembly to pass it.
While noting that the Federal Inland Revenue Service needed to do more to bring more people into the tax net, he said that there were many people earning above N25m turnover threshold that were exempted from the VAT that had nothing to do with the government
Experts fault revenue framework, says funding challenges imminent
The experts wondered why the government would be planning to generate the sum of N8.9tn in 2020 when the 2018 budget recorded a revenue underperformance of 45 per cent.
For instance, Tella said while $57 per barrel oil price benchmark was right, the oil production output of 2.3 million barrel per day was not feasible.
“The benchmark price for crude oil sales is okay but the output of 2.3 million barrels per day may not be okay in the sense that we were doing 1.9mbpd. We cannot be talking of doing 2.3mbpd production at this time.
“The price benchmark is conservative because there is going to be glut in the oil market in 2020 and that would create problem in terms of pricing.”
In terms of expenditure, he said that N48bn allocated to education and N46bn for health sector was very low.
In his comments, Onyekpere called on the government to come up with innovative ways of raising revenue to fund the budget.
He said, “The government is expecting revenue of almost N8tn while the balance will come from deficit funding. If you look at what was generated in 2018, we had full revenue figure, it was not up to N4tn.
“Now we are expecting over N8tn. Where is the money going to come from? We may end up building castles in the air.”
He also said that the fuel subsidy being deducted at source by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation should be stopped to free more funds for the government.
The President, Chartered Institute of Bankers of Nigeria, Dr Uche Olowu, also said the conservative oil price benchmark of $57 per barrel was realistic.
While commenting on the new VAT rate increased from five to 7.5 per cent, he said, “Increasing VAT is imperative. But I would have appreciated that the tax net should be widened.”
Feed Africa condemns allocation to agriculture
The Executive Director of Free Feed Africa Advocacy Network, Chika Okeke, said the N83bn budgeted for agriculture in the 2020 budget did not reflect the government’s promise of lifting agriculture in the country.
Speaking at a press briefing in Abuja, Okeke, said, “Agriculture is the hope of the country as far as non-oil revenue is concerned. The FG needs to do more. We should be reaching a level where we will allocate N500bn, which is still not enough. Africa cannot feed herself if Nigeria does not achieve food sufficiency. The FG must immediately revisit the amount budgeted for agriculture in 2020 budget.”
The National President of the All Farmers Association of Nigeria, Alhaji Kabir Ibrahim, reacting to the N83bn budgetary allocation to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, said that the amount budgeted for agriculture was not as important as the efforts by the government to grow the sector.
Oil production estimates worrisome – NACCIMA
The Nigerian Association of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Mines and Agriculture raised concerns about the revenue projections expected to fund the budget.
In a position statement made available to The PUNCH on Wednesday, NACCIMA stated, “The government has adopted a conservative oil price benchmark of $57 per barrel, a daily oil production estimate of 2.18 million barrels per day and an exchange rate of N305 per dollar for 2020.
“However, this statement appears at odds with Nigeria’s current crude oil output (1.69mbpd) and the Minister of State for Petroleum’s recent statement that Nigeria is fully committed to complying with OPEC’s new production quota of 1.774mbpd. This raises some concerns on the revenue projections expected to fund the budget.”
But the NACCIMA National President, Alhaja Suratu Aliyu, commended the Federal Government for making efforts to revert the budget cycle to the January to December period.
The Director, Delta State Innovation Hub, Chris Uwaje, expressed displeasure at the inability of the government to double the allocation to the education sector as obtained in other African countries.
The government allocated N48bn to the education sector in 2020 budget, a 1.5 per cent increase from N47.29bn in 2019
Uwaje said, “We need to double the budgetary allocation to education like Rwanda and other African countries are doing. A country where we have 10.3 million children out of school not to say those who are in school are not equipped to be educated.”